Heat Exhaustion signs and symptoms can include: confusion, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, headache, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, profuse sweating and rapid heartbeat.
Heat Exhaustion treatment: Get out of the heat immediately and rest, preferably in an air conditioned room. Find the nearest cool or shaded place. Drink plenty of fluid with no caffeine or alcohol in it. Remove tight clothing. Take a cool shower or bath. Apply cool towels or use fans.
Dehydration signs and symptoms can include: thirst, dry mouth, darker yellow urine, dry skin, headache, muscle cramps, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, breathing rapidly.
Dehydration treatment: Drink water or sports drinks that contain electrolytes. See a doctor if there is change in person’s alertness, consciousness, has a fever of 102 degrees or higher, or if symptoms do not improve.
PREVENTION is the key to avoiding heat exhaustion and dehydration. Drink plenty of fluids before and after any outdoor activities. A general recommendation when exercising is to drink 17-20 ounces of fluid 2-3 hours before exercise, consume another 8 ounces during exercise every 20 minutes, and another 8 ounces within a half an hour of exercise. Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing, a hat, and sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more every time you go outside.
Information obtained from WebMD and National Institute of Health/National Library of Medicine
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