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INFLUENZA – “The Flu”

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submitted by Leigh Cox


What is the Flu?
Influenza is a contagious disease of the respiratory tract that can lead to serious complications including pneumonia and the worsening of other chronic health conditions.

How does the Flu spread?
The flu spreads through droplets when someone coughs, sneezes, or talks. It can also spread by touching surfaces with the flu virus on it.

What are symptoms of the Flu?
Fever, cough, sore throat, runny/stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills fatigue and sometimes vomiting and diarrhea.

How can I protect myself from the Flu?
The best way to protect yourself from the flu is by getting an annual flu shot. The CDC recommends flu vaccines for all children older than 6 months.

How can I prevent the spread of the Flu?
• Wash hands often throughout the day with soap and water for 20 seconds
• Use a tissue, or your elbow to cover coughs and sneezes, not your hand
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands
• Avoid other sick people and stay home from work or school if you are sick
• Disinfect home surfaces and toys to reduce germs

If you have these symptoms, go to the doctor right away:
• Fast breathing or trouble breathing
• Bluish or gray skin color
• Not making as much urine as you normally do
• Severe or persistent vomiting
• Not waking up or interacting as usual
• Worsening fever or cough

Follow good health guidelines: eat healthy foods, drink water, exercise and get plenty of sleep to help boost your immunity to fight the effects of colds and flu.
Disinfect the most contaminated areas of the home or school: Phones, doorknobs, light switches, faucets, remotes, keyboards


References:
http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/index.htm
http://www.flufacts.com/index.jsp
http://www.cdc.gov/flu/pdf/freeresources/updated/fluandyou_upright.pdf




Nurse Inoculating Boy. Photograph. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016.
quest.eb.com/search/107_300974/1/107_300974/cite. Accessed 13 Dec 2017.

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